Low-impact stormwater management systems in the cold climate of New Hampshire had less seasonal decline in performance than conventional best-management practices (retention ponds, swales). LID systems included subsurface infiltration, biorentention, gravel wetlands, a porous asphalt system, a street tree, and seven proprietary systems. Frozen filter media did not reduce performance.
Roseen, Robert M., Thomas P. Ballestero, James J. Houle, Pedro Avellaneda, Joshua Briggs, George Fowler, and Robert Wildey. (2009). Seasonal performance variations for storm-water management systems in cold climate conditions. Journal of Environmental Engineering.