Menomonee Valley Redevelopment and Community Park
Landscape Performance Benefits
- Increased developer yield (usable land) by 10-12% over conventional development by clustering development sites and consolidating stormwater management.
- Treats water quality and manages 100-year flood volumes for 100+ acre basin.
- Eliminates need for irrigation by using drought-tolerant native plants.
- Created public access to the Menomonee River and over 60 acres of park/open space in a area that had been off-limits to the public for 50+ years.
- Added 3 pedestrian/bicycle bridges and 7 miles of regional bike and pedestrian trails, linking greater Milwaukee and neighborhoods to the park, river, and valley.
- Triggered the use of the Menomonee River Valley as an outdoor science laboratory, which receives 10,000 student visits annually.
- Increased development site property values by 1,400% between 2002 and 2009.
- Added over $1 million in annual City property tax revenues.
- Created 2,000 new jobs by 2006. Estimate 5,000 new jobs by 2015.
At a Glance
Wenk Associates, Inc.
Stormwater management facility
Former Land Use
3301 W Canal Street
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53214
$40 million for development sites and remediation, $9 million for stormwater park
2006 (Phase I and II), construction ongoing
The plan creates a centralized park and shared stormwater treatment area as the centerpiece of a 140-acre light industrial redevelopment. The park creates over 60 acres of recreational space with revitalized landscape and habitat along the Menomonee River. The shared stormwater facility results in a higher development yield for individual property owners, allowing the City to remain extremely competitive when attracting businesses to the Valley.
- The 140-acre brownfield was remediated, reducing public health risks, protecting the river’s watershed, and making the site suitable for human use and redeveloment.
- Over 3,000 ft of the riverbank will be stabilized and restored, leading to larger habitat areas and a cleaner, healthier Menomonee River.
- Over 300,000 cubic yards of contaminated debris and soil was managed on site to create historic glacial features and native landscape communities of Southern Wisconsin.
- About 50,000 cubic yards of concrete (from demolition during the I-94 Interchange reconstruction) was crushed and recycled to create a stormwater infiltration gallery below the surface of treatment wetlands
- Local artists recycled glass from the Miller Brewing Company to create glass panels incorporated into drainage outfall structures.
- Picnic tables were built from wood salvaged from the former Milwaukee Stockyards; benches were made from excess sewer pipe that would have gone to a landfill.
- Over 500 native trees were added to the site. Most (70% of trees) were planted by local student, community and advocacy groups.
Milwaukee’s Menomonee River Valley was decimated by economic recession. It went from a highly-productive industrial center to an area in ruins. Because the site was within the 100-year floodplain, the soil would not likely support building loads. Severe health risks and environmental contamination existed. The City needed to address environmental concerns while also creating jobs.
The project team developed a unique fill management program that remediates contamination on site and raises the development sites out of the flood plain. The plan creates a park as the centerpiece of the new development. The park treats and manages stormwater runoff for the entire basin, while providing the community with access to the river, and use of nearly 60 acres of open space.
The park was constructed under financially challanging circumstances with zero capital from the City Parks Department. Grants and funders include:
- Wisconsin DNR
- US EPA Great Lakes Initiative
- Milwaukee Metro Sewerage District
- Menomonee Valley Business Partners
By seeking “multiple-benefit” solutions, the City was able to combine several large infrastructure projects (environmental remediation, development site preparation and Canal Street construction) and leverage costs in order to support projects that were mutually beneficial to the community and the environment: parks, open space and, environmental restoration.
Landscape Architect: Wenk Associates
Role of the Landscape Architect
The landscape architect led a multi-disciplinary team of engineers, ecologists, and architects in the planning and design of the 140-acre park and industrial redevelopment.
Case Study Prepared By
Firm Liaisons: Greg Dorolek, Principal, and Amber Stevens, Marketing Director, Wenk Associates